Whatever the development of armament and equipment or ‘new generation wars’ theories accepted,small arms will remain the most widespread in all branches and services of armed forces. Small armsand light grenade launchers are the most effective during local wars and counterterrorist operationsbeing the main military conflicts of the modern age. In such situations destruction of enemy’sdispersed manpower is more important than seizure or destruction of infrastructure facilities. 20-thcentury wars and conflicts experience has proved it is separate units who play the key role in the mostof engagements; meanwhile engagements take place in no long distances, in a sudden manner andfrequently in constrained conditions. Furthermore small arms now account for up to 70% personneltargets killed. In a large-scale war small arms are also becoming the main weapons in town, woods,mountain battles when other means have limited capacity. Diversity and quick change of battle conditions,targets and missions profile require weapons of various combat characteristics being available.In modern armed conflicts it is not only army participating but law enforcement agencies armed units;key role is played by special force units belonging to different security agencies. These agencies specificnature, availability of own supply systems and, finally, own concept of weapon capacities define awide range of armament used. Although in Russia the whole scale of small arms and grenade launchersare produced in recent years security agencies for various reasons have been using foreign models aswell. Deterioration of economic situation in Russia in 1990’s and perpetual reforms during the 21-stcentury first decade have led to even new army-accepted models being ordered in very small quantities.As a result there are different generations of small arms put into service. Let us have a look at smallarms used by security agencies and some that are available for operation.

Рисунок анонса The Birth of Russian Nuclear Fleet Who and where was engaged in development of the missiles against aircraft carriers and nuclear-powered cruisers

The history of our domestic defense-and-technical developmentscounts lots of little-known pages including those related to themiraculous achievements in NIOKR area and advanced technologiesdevelopment. Thus, for instance, not everyone knows thatthe national heavy engineering giant – “Uralmashzavod” – for thepurposes of the State’s defense power enhancement has distinguisheditself not only in the area of tanks, self-propelled guns andfield artillery construction, but it has participated in developmentand creation of missiles against nuclear-powered submarines andaircraft carriers. Whereas, Uralmash’s designers and technologistshave solved a lot of sophisticated engineering and technologicaltasks.

Рисунок анонса FLYUNG OWER WAVE Russia builds unique hovercrafts

Military air-cushionedlanding ships (craft) arethe most unique variationof the amphibiouslanding ships. They arebased on small- to mid-displacementmulti-purpose hovercraft and sometimesknown as ‘over the beach’craft. Technically, hovercraft is a craftcapable of traveling over surfaces bymeans of a specially created cushionof slow moving, high-pressureair which is ejected against the surfacebelow and contained withina so-called ‘skirt’. Due to a cushionof air, hovercraft or air-cushion landingship is capable to travel equallywell over land, ice, and water. Shipsof this type provide military plannerswith the opportunity to conduct amphibiousoperations in a wider rangeof regions of the World, and allowtroops and material to access morethan 70% of the World's coastline,comparing with only 15% of thatcoastline available for amphibiousoperations with conventional, nonair-cushion landing ships and craft.


O Brasil passou a ser o primeiro país ocidental com qual as negociações sobre a aberturaduma estação do sistema de correção diferencial e monitoramento GLONASSlevaram a um resultado específico. A abertura da estação de correção em Brasilia éum evento muito sério, porque o sistema de correção diferencial e monitoramento(SCDM), que reune tais estações, constitui uma parte de GLONASS, que não é menosimportante do que 24 veículos espaciais. Devido à natureza dos sistemas de navegaçãopor satélite, nenhum, o mais perfeito receptor GPS não pode independementeidentificar sua localização com uma precisão de ± 5-15 metros em planta, e esta precisãovai mudar sempre de acordo com a geométria de localização dos satélites noespaço, condições atmosféricas e com muitos outros fatores. Na maioria dos casos, tãoprecisão do posicionamento será insuficiente mesmo para a navegação.

Рисунок анонса Igor Smirnov: «We can do many things in case of government motivation and support»

OJSC «Scientific-Research Engineering Institute» is one of the oldest Russian enterprises established in August, 1941. Since mid 1950s OJSC «Scientific-Research Engineering Institute» is the country’s leading company on development and manufacture of engineering ammunition – various mines (antitank, antipersonnel, anti-airborne etc.), mine-laying and explosive mine clearing equipment as well as equipment for demolition works. Traditionally the main customers of this company are: Military Engineering, GRAU (The Main Missile and Artillery Directorate of the Ministry of Defense), Air Force, Navy, Directorate of the radiological, chemical and biological defense forces commander of the Ministry of Defense, FSB, EMERCOM, Internal Troops and FSTEC of Russia.

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